Construction Projects

January Nonresidential Construction Starts -28% Y/Y, But +19% M/M

‘Grand Total’ Starts Thrown Life Buoy by Single-Family Market

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $26.2 billion, an increase of +19.3% versus December 2020’s $22.0 billion (originally reported as $20.8 billion).

The year-over-year result, though, versus January 2020, was -27.8%. Remember that the first several months of last year were still sailing along quite nicely. They hadn’t yet floundered on the shoals of the coronavirus-related economywide retrenching.


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Click here to download the complete Construction Industry Snapshot Package – January 2021 PDF.

January 2021 relative to the five-year average for the month of January, from 2016 to 2020 inclusive, was off by about one-quarter, -23.6%.

While the focus of this report is mainly on nonresidential starts, there’s value in also considering ‘grand total’ groundbreakings, which include residential work. Since rounding the corner into the second half of last year, single-family home building has been displaying considerable vitality. As a result, ‘grand total’ starts in January 2021 were +6.4% versus December 2020 and -15.3% when compared with January 2020 (i.e., the latter percentage change is not as strikingly negative as the -27.8% figure for nonresidential alone.)

The ‘Top 10’ list (Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – January 2021) highlights that work has recently been initiated on two mega projects (defined as carrying estimated values of a billion dollars or more each), a pipeline through Minnesota and electric power work in Maine, adding to $3.6 billion. January 2020 included only one mega project, the ‘automated people mover’ at LAX airport in Los Angeles, for $2.0 billion.

There’s another point to make before leaving this section. In the first month of any given year, unfavorable winter seasonality usually exerts a downward influence on the ‘starts’ statistics. The long-term average of the decline month to month is approximately -8%.

Table 1: Construction Starts in Some Additional Type of Structure Sub-Categories

  Jan-21 % Change vs
  ($ billions) Jan-20
     
Sports Stadiums/Convention Centers $0.122 -75.2%
Transportation Teminals $0.053 -82.6%
Courthouses $0.341 -25.9%
Police Stations & Fire Halls $0.333 -9.5%
Prisons $0.144 38.8%
Pre-School/Elementary $1.097 6.4%
Junior & Senior High Schools $1.322 -35.7%
     K-12  (sum of above two categories) $2.419 -21.7%
Special & Vocational Schools $0.094 -49.4%
Colleges & Universities $1.110 -25.6%
Electric Power Infrastructure $1.078 475.7%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

Table 2: Ranking of Top 20 States by YTD $ Volume of Nonresidential Construction Starts – ConstructConnect

    Jan 2021 % Change vs Jan 2020
       
1 Texas $3,561,680,022 0.2%
2 Minnesota $2,738,565,474 698.9%
3 California $2,544,093,072 -54.1%
4 Florida $1,457,891,178 -36.0%
5 Georgia $1,212,089,225 -3.6%
6 Maine $1,190,747,077 1710.2%
7 Ohio $1,126,983,161 21.9%
8 New York $846,448,795 -42.7%
9 North Carolina $754,392,445 -7.2%
10 Tennessee $734,337,315 -49.9%
11 Indiana $720,243,957 -2.7%
12 Virginia $665,704,982 -63.7%
13 Illinois $594,570,452 -25.3%
14 Pennsylvania $486,638,430 -53.6%
15 Michigan $480,384,299 20.4%
16 South Carolina $478,102,306 -1.8%
17 Wisconsin $404,377,210 -34.7%
18 Missouri $401,709,882 -32.0%
19 Oregon $373,516,710 68.2%
20 Oklahoma $359,120,465 -3.4%

Figures are comprised of non-res building & engineering (residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

Building Materials & Supply Dealers Employment +10.4% Y/Y

Burdened by a resurgent wave of coronavirus infections, the locked down U.S. economy managed a month-to-month increase in employment of just +49,000 in January (which is wiped out if account is taken of the latest downward revision to December’s originally reported number). The restoration of the big loss in employment from March to April of last year remains anemic at a bit more than half, 51.7%.

The year-over-year performance of total jobs is now -6.3%. The construction industry is doing better, at a rate of shrinkage less than half as severe, -2.9%. Furthermore, construction’s jobs claw-back ratio since April 2020 is three-quarters, 73.7%. But there’s little joy to be found in the -3,000 jobs change for the sector in January. The not seasonally adjusted (NSA) unemployment rate for on-site work is presently 9.4%. In December 2020, it had been 9.6% NSA, and in January 2020, 5.4%. But if you’re going to shed a tear, spare it for the ‘leisure and hospitality’ sector where the current rate of unemployment is 15.9% NSA.

January’s year-over-year personnel count adjustments in other corners of the economy with close ties to construction have been as follows: machinery and equipment rental, -13.3%; cement and concrete product manufacturing, -2.7%; real estate, -1.1%; architectural and engineering services, -0.3%; oil and gas extraction, +2.2% (but rising from a low base); and building materials and supplies dealers, +10.4% (thanks to a new housing foundation-laying surge in the suburbs and a boom in existing-home renovation projects).

Table 3: Monitoring the U.S. employment recovery ‒ January 2021

Monitoring the U.S. employment recovery ‒ January 2021 Chart

Data source: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 1: Y/Y Jobs Change, U.S. Total Industry & Major Subsectors − January 2021 (based on seasonally adjusted payroll data)

Y/Y Jobs Change, U.S. Total Industry & Major Subsectors − January 2021 (based on seasonally adjusted  payroll data) Chart

Data source: Payroll Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (Dept of Labor).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Manufacturing vs Construction Employment – January 2021 – Seasonally Adjusted (SA) Payroll Data

U.S. Manufacturing vs Construction Employment - January 2021 - Seasonally Adjusted (SA) Payroll Data Chart

Latest data points are for January, 2021.

Data source: Payroll Survey, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

JOLTS Report: Are Construction Labor Shortages in the Cards?

For most of last year, there were more pressing concerns than paying attention to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey report. With the prospect of herd immunity on the way—provided existing and evolving vaccines can be dispersed widely and quickly enough to head off more transmissible strains of the virus—there’s already speculation about construction sector labor shortages.

The accompanying JOLTS graph on construction job openings shows there was a bigger drop in 2019 than in 2020. In a historical context, the contraction in 2020 was relatively mild. Onsite construction activity was ruled to be essential nearly everywhere last year. It had permission to proceed while the rest of the economy suffered through several phases of lockdown mode. While openings in the industry have been falling since the middle of last year, they remain elevated.

Construction job hiring nosedived in the Spring of last year, but almost immediately rebounded to a rate and level higher than before, once the question of whether government would allow onsite work to continue was answered in the affirmative. ‘Hires’ from the JOLTS report have since settled back into a mid-range.    

Graph 3: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report) Chart

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of ‘construction employment plus number of job openings’.
Latest seasonally adjusted data points are for Dec. 2020. … JOLTS = Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Data source: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 4: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report) Chart

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of ‘construction employment plus number of job openings’.
Latest seasonally adjusted data points are for Dec. 2020. … JOLTS = Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Data source: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

3 Strong Subcategories: Miscellaneous Civil, Water/Sewage, & Military

In January 2021, total nonresidential starts were +19.3% compared with January of 2020. The overall boost in starts m/m was thanks to upticks in three structure types: industrial, +258.3% (helped along by groundbreaking on a pet food manufacturing plant in Ohio); heavy engineering +28.2% (pipeline and electric power projects); and institutional, +10.2%. Commercial starts were mildly in arrears, -5.2%.

On a year-over-year basis (i.e., January 2021 over January 2020, which is presently equivalent to a year-to-date comparison), total nonresidential starts were -27.8%, with downward drag exerted by commercial, -64.0%, and institutional, -28.8%. Industrial starts stayed almost flat, -2.1%. The engineering category managed a step forward, +5.6%.

Among subcategories, ‘miscellaneous civil’ accounted for the largest share of total nonresidential starts in the latest month, 16.7%. The two metrics for ‘miscellaneous civil’ in January were +245.0% m/m and +43.6% y/y.

Next in line for largest slices of total nonresidential were ‘educational’ and ‘roads/highways,’ 13.8% and 13.4% respectively. The key metrics for the former in January were +16.8% m/m, but -24.0% y/y; for the latter, +4.2% m/m, but -10.9% y/y.

‘Health care’ starts in January, as the summation of ‘hospitals,’ ‘nursing homes,’ and ‘miscellaneous medical,’ were -37.9% m/m and -56.3% y/y.

Within commercial in the latest month, the ‘private office building’ subcategory was -34.3% m/m and -68.7% y/y; ‘hotels/motels’ +147.9% m/m, but -66.5% y/y; ‘retail/shopping,’ +30.2% m/m, but -38.9% y/y; and ‘warehouses,’ -11.6% m/m and -78.2% y/y.

Performing admirably among all subcategories have been ‘military’ (+197.0% m/m and +86.9% y/y) and ‘water/sewage’ (+24.4% m/m and +45.3% y/y).  

Trends Graphs Tell a Mostly Consistent Story

Most of the dozen 12-month moving average trend graphs (Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – January 2021) tell a consistent story. For two-thirds of the type-of-structure categories, starts have been sliding for the past year. In the case of retail, the time frame of retraction has been much longer, dating back to 2016. In the latest month, though, bridges and miscellaneous civil have paused their descent. Further on an encouraging note, the curves for ‘roads/highways’ and ‘water/sewage’ remain flat. The former is still quite healthy and the latter, somewhat better than in the 2000s.

Spectacular (for All Jobs) vs Drab (for Construction) Pay Hikes

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), ‘all-jobs’ earnings y/y in January 2021 were notably frothy, at +5.4% hourly and +7.5% weekly. The compensation gains for construction workers (i.e., as a subset of ‘all jobs’) were less bubbly, +2.8% hourly and +3.1% weekly. From Table B-8 (excluding bosses), ‘all jobs’ compensation hikes were outstanding, +5.4% hourly and +8.0% weekly. Again, though, the earnings climbs for construction workers were comparatively drab, +2.8% and +3.3%.

The discrepancies ‘jump off the page’ in Graphs 5 and 6. A big part of the reason for the ‘all jobs’ pay spikes is that the pandemic has struck part-time and untethered ‘gig’ workers hardest, relegating them to the unemployed ranks and taking them out of the y/y compensation calculation.

Graph 5: Average Hourly Earnings Y/Y – ‘All Jobs’ & Construction

Average Hourly Earnings Y/Y - 'All Jobs' & Construction Chart

From ‘Production Workers and Non-supervisory Personnel’ Table (B8).
The latest data points are for January, 2021

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)’s Employment Situation report.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 6: Average Weekly Earnings Y/Y – ‘All Jobs’ & Construction

Average Weekly Earnings Y/Y - 'All Jobs' & Construction Chart

From ‘Production Workers and Non-supervisory Personnel’ Table (B8).
The latest data points are for January, 2021

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)’s Employment Situation report.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Material Costs Squeezing Margins

December 2020’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index series were as follows: ‘construction materials special index,’ +6.9% (a significant bump from November’s +4.9%); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor, and imports,’ +5.0% (again, a rise from November’s +4.5%); and ‘final demand construction,’ +1.2% (a level performance compared with the previous month).

Among PPI series, two of the biggest movers recently have been softwood lumber, +52.2% y/y, and copper wire and cable, +11.2% y/y.  Material costs have been climbing, but contractors have been holding the line on bid prices. They’ve sacrificed profits to acquire work from a smaller stockpile of potential projects

The value of construction starts each month is derived from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models. ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are super-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.  

January 2021 ‘Grand Total’ Starts -15.3% Y/Y

From Table 6 below, ConstructConnect’s total residential starts in January 2021 were -5.0% m/m, but +4.7% y/y. The latest month’s multi-unit starts were -18.4% m/m and -52.0% y/y. Single-family starts were -2.1 m/m, but +32.4% y/y. ‘Grand Total’ construction starts in 2021’s kick-off month were +6.4% m/m, but -15.3% y/y.

ConstructConnect adopts a research-assigned ‘start’ date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – January 2021 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – January 2021.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – January 2021.

TABLE 4: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
JANUARY 2021 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  Previous Annual   Latest Month
          % Change % Change
  2020 % Change   January 2021 (Jan 21 vs  (Jan 21 vs
  ($ billions) (2020 vs 2019)   ($ billions) Jan 20) Dec 20)
Hotel/Motel 10.152 -56.9%   0.510 -66.5% 147.9%
Retail/Shopping 11.689 -29.2%   0.734 -38.9% 30.2%
Parking Garage 1.737 -45.1%   0.202 -46.2% 159.7%
Amusement 6.101 -19.7%   0.395 -46.3% 5.2%
Private Office 23.522 -35.7%   0.893 -68.7% -34.3%
Government Office 10.820 -7.9%   0.640 -18.0% -18.0%
Laboratory 2.230 -7.7%   0.070 -84.3% -70.2%
Warehouse 23.804 5.5%   0.737 -78.2% -11.6%
Misc. Commercial* 6.789 -67.0%   0.174 -78.0% 5.9%
COMMERCIAL (big subset) 96.844 -33.1%   4.355 -64.0% -5.2%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 18.746 -66.4%   1.446 -2.1% 258.3%
             
Religious 1.477 -21.8%   0.034 -75.4% -77.0%
Hospital/Clinic 12.704 -41.7%   0.412 -66.2% -36.6%
Nursing/Assisted Living 7.074 -26.3%   0.330 -57.1% -26.3%
Library/Museum 3.627 -10.9%   0.160 -77.8% 48.0%
Fire/Police/Courthouse/Prison 8.108 16.8%   0.819 -12.2% 10.1%
Military 9.155 81.3%   1.198 86.9% 197.0%
School/College 66.921 -11.8%   3.623 -24.0% 16.8%
Misc. Medical 7.341 -21.4%   0.383 -34.7% -46.3%
INSTITUTIONAL 116.407 -13.5%   6.960 -28.8% 10.2%
             
Misc. Non-residential 5.554 -27.6%   0.357 -36.6% -18.0%
NON-RES. BUILDING 237.551 -30.7%   13.117 -45.1% 11.6%
             
Airport 6.064 -18.0%   0.116 -25.4% -29.8%
Road/Highway 63.605 -2.6%   3.510 -10.9% 4.2%
Bridge 22.477 -25.5%   1.800 -19.4% -30.4%
Dam/Marine 8.224 -3.8%   0.281 -70.7% -31.4%
Water/Sewage 31.172 -1.4%   3.009 45.3% 24.4%
Misc. Civil (Power, etc.) 21.737 -52.9%   4.385 43.6% 245.0%
HEAVY ENGINEERING (Civil) 153.279 -19.0%   13.101 5.6% 28.2%
             
TOTAL 390.829 -26.5%   26.218 -27.8% 19.3%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 5: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – JANUARY 2021
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

      Previous Annual   Latest Month
              % Change % Change
      2020 % Change   January 2021 Jan 21 vs Jan 21 vs
      ($ billions) (20 vs 19)   ($ billions) Jan 20 Dec 20
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     153.279 -19.0%   13.101 5.6% 28.2%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 237.551 -30.7%   13.117 -45.1% 11.6%
RESIDENTIAL   296.284 -0.5%   23.672 4.7% -5.0%
GRAND TOTAL   687.114 -17.2%   49.890 -15.3% 6.4%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 6.064 -18.0%   0.116 -25.4% -29.8%
    All Other Civil 18.053 -42.7%   3.307 15.3% 165.0%
    Bridges 22.477 -25.5%   1.800 -19.4% -30.4%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 8.224 -3.8%   0.281 -70.7% -31.4%
    Power Infrastructure 3.685 -74.9%   1.078 475.7% 4569.2%
    Roads 63.605 -2.6%   3.510 -10.9% 4.2%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 31.172 -1.4%   3.009 45.3% 24.4%
CIVIL     153.279 -19.0%   13.101 5.6% 28.2%
    Offices (private) 23.522 -35.7%   0.893 -68.7% -34.3%
    Parking Garages 1.737 -45.1%   0.202 -46.2% 159.7%
    Transportation Terminals 2.337 -78.3%   0.053 -82.6% -47.1%
  Commercial (small subset) 27.596 -45.3%   1.147 -67.5% -25.3%
    Amusement 6.101 -19.7%   0.395 -46.3% 5.2%
    Libraries / Museums 3.627 -10.9%   0.160 -77.8% 48.0%
    Religious 1.477 -21.8%   0.034 -75.4% -77.0%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 4.452 -54.7%   0.122 -75.2% 87.2%
  Community 15.657 -33.1%   0.711 -65.9% 2.0%
    College / University 17.465 -11.2%   1.110 -25.6% 1.8%
    Elementary / Pre School 19.644 -8.4%   1.097 6.4% 42.6%
    Jr / Sr High School 27.876 -15.1%   1.322 -35.7% 11.5%
    Special / Vocational 1.936 1.5%   0.094 -49.4% 69.2%
  Educational 66.921 -11.8%   3.623 -24.0% 16.8%
    Courthouses 2.374 51.4%   0.341 -25.9% -10.2%
    Fire and Police Stations 3.346 2.6%   0.333 -9.5% 19.3%
    Government Offices 10.820 -7.9%   0.640 -18.0% -18.0%
    Prisons 2.388 13.1%   0.144 38.8% 70.8%
  Government 18.928 1.3%   1.458 -14.9% -4.3%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.230 -7.7%   0.070 -84.3% -70.2%
    Manufacturing 18.746 -66.4%   1.446 -2.1% 258.3%
    Warehouses 23.804 5.5%   0.737 -78.2% -11.6%
  Industrial 44.780 -44.6%   2.253 -57.5% 53.0%
    Hospitals / Clinics 12.704 -41.7%   0.412 -66.2% -36.6%
    Medical Misc. 7.341 -21.4%   0.383 -34.7% -46.3%
    Nursing Homes 7.074 -26.3%   0.330 -57.1% -26.3%
  Medical   27.119 -33.4%   1.126 -56.3% -37.9%
  Military   9.155 81.3%   1.198 86.9% 197.0%
    Hotels 10.152 -56.9%   0.510 -66.5% 147.9%
    Retail Misc. 5.554 -27.6%   0.357 -36.6% -18.0%
    Shopping 11.689 -29.2%   0.734 -38.9% 30.2%
  Retail   27.395 -42.6%   1.601 -51.3% 32.9%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 237.551 -30.7%   13.117 -45.1% 11.6%
    Multi-Family 74.481 -24.8%   3.554 -52.0% -18.4%
    Single-Family 221.803 11.6%   20.118 32.4% -2.1%
RESIDENTIAL   296.284 -0.5%   23.672 4.7% -5.0%
NON-RESIDENTIAL 390.829 -26.5%   26.218 -27.8% 19.3%
GRAND TOTAL   687.114 -17.2%   49.890 -15.3% 6.4%

Table 6 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial, and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 7 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 6: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS –JANUARY 2021 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JANUARY JANUARY
  NOV 20 DEC 20 JAN 21 NOV 20 DEC 20 JAN 21 NOV 20 DEC 20 JAN 21 2021 2020
                       
Single Family 20.288 20.550 20.118 21.508 21.242 20.319 18.069 18.484 18.894 15.198 20.118
   month-over-month % change -11.4% 1.3% -2.1% -0.4% -1.2% -4.3% 2.4% 2.3% 2.2%    
   year-over-year % change 32.9% 32.0% 32.4% 29.6% 32.7% 32.4% 10.9% 11.6% 14.0% 0.5% 32.4%
Apartment 5.745 4.357 3.554 6.047 5.627 4.552 6.566 6.207 5.885 7.410 3.554
   month-over-month % change -15.3% -24.2% -18.4% -0.7% -6.9% -19.1% -4.4% -5.5% -5.2%    
   year-over-year % change -38.5% -49.7% -52.0% -40.1% -42.3% -46.3% -20.0% -24.8% -29.0% 7.0% -52.0%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 26.032 24.907 23.672 27.555 26.869 24.870 24.634 24.690 24.779 22.608 23.672
   month-over-month % change -12.3% -4.3% -5.0% -0.5% -2.5% -7.4% 0.5% 0.2% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 5.8% 2.8% 4.7% 3.3% 4.3% 4.4% 0.5% -0.5% -0.3% 2.6% 4.7%
Hotel/Motel 0.996 0.206 0.510 0.663 0.590 0.571 1.000 0.846 0.761 1.526 0.510
   month-over-month % change 75.9% -79.3% 147.9% 23.4% -11.1% -3.2% -13.3% -15.4% -10.0%    
   year-over-year % change -64.9% -89.9% -66.5% -71.1% -75.1% -73.3% -48.4% -56.9% -61.1% -3.0% -66.5%
Retail 0.851 0.563 0.734 0.945 0.805 0.716 1.005 0.974 0.935 1.201 0.734
   month-over-month % change -15.0% -33.8% 30.2% -8.3% -14.8% -11.1% -3.2% -3.1% -4.0%    
   year-over-year % change -32.2% -39.9% -38.9% -19.7% -21.9% -36.7% -27.6% -29.2% -31.5% -9.8% -38.9%
Parking Garages 0.103 0.078 0.202 0.118 0.098 0.128 0.149 0.145 0.130 0.375 0.202
   month-over-month % change -7.6% -24.8% 159.7% -18.6% -17.0% 30.7% -9.0% -2.7% -10.0%    
   year-over-year % change -63.0% -38.1% -46.2% -45.1% -56.5% -50.9% -47.1% -45.1% -51.5% 18.5% -46.2%
Amusement 0.340 0.376 0.395 0.506 0.474 0.371 0.531 0.508 0.480 0.737 0.395
   month-over-month % change -51.7% 10.5% 5.2% -1.1% -6.4% -21.8% -1.4% -4.2% -5.6%    
   year-over-year % change -21.5% -41.5% -46.3% -16.2% -25.8% -38.7% -16.0% -19.7% -25.7% 27.4% -46.3%
Office 3.525 1.358 0.893 2.101 2.108 1.925 2.011 1.960 1.797 2.855 0.893
   month-over-month % change 144.6% -61.5% -34.3% 22.6% 0.3% -8.7% -6.8% -2.5% -8.3%    
   year-over-year % change -33.4% -31.0% -68.7% -48.1% -41.8% -42.9% -35.4% -35.7% -43.7% 152.7% -68.7%
Governmental Offices 0.764 0.780 0.640 1.070 0.751 0.728 0.900 0.902 0.890 0.780 0.640
   month-over-month % change 7.9% 2.0% -18.0% -5.4% -29.8% -3.1% -3.0% 0.2% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -30.2% 2.7% -18.0% 2.9% -23.6% -17.1% -7.3% -7.9% -9.6% 9.1% -18.0%
Laboratories 0.114 0.236 0.070 0.195 0.196 0.140 0.192 0.186 0.154 0.448 0.070
   month-over-month % change -52.3% 107.3% -70.2% -1.3% 0.8% -28.6% -2.9% -3.1% -16.9%    
   year-over-year % change -37.9% -23.3% -84.3% -3.4% 0.1% -55.2% -2.3% -7.7% -30.4% 122.1% -84.3%
Warehouse 2.189 0.833 0.737 1.800 1.607 1.253 2.091 1.984 1.763 3.379 0.737
   month-over-month % change 21.7% -62.0% -11.6% -1.4% -10.8% -22.0% 0.5% -5.1% -11.1%    
   year-over-year % change 6.2% -60.8% -78.2% 2.8% -14.6% -50.3% 17.9% 5.5% -13.7% 138.7% -78.2%
Misc Commercial 0.405 0.165 0.174 0.447 0.297 0.248 0.625 0.566 0.514 0.793 0.174
   month-over-month % change 26.1% -59.4% 5.9% -17.6% -33.5% -16.5% -13.6% -9.4% -9.1%    
   year-over-year % change -74.4% -81.1% -78.0% -76.9% -74.8% -77.1% -63.0% -67.0% -68.4% -57.6% -78.0%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 9.288 4.595 4.355 7.845 6.925 6.079 8.503 8.070 7.425 12.094 4.355
   month-over-month % change 34.8% -50.5% -5.2% 2.8% -11.7% -12.2% -5.3% -5.1% -8.0%    
   year-over-year % change -38.1% -53.0% -64.0% -40.8% -42.9% -50.6% -29.0% -33.1% -39.7% 32.4% -64.0%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.676 0.404 1.446 1.641 1.182 0.842 1.664 1.562 1.560 1.476 1.446
   month-over-month % change -72.6% -40.3% 258.3% -35.5% -28.0% -28.8% -9.9% -6.1% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -76.4% -75.2% -2.1% -26.7% -52.1% -57.7% -65.4% -66.4% -65.4% -53.3% -2.1%
Religious 0.071 0.148 0.034 0.104 0.113 0.084 0.120 0.123 0.114 0.138 0.034
   month-over-month % change -42.1% 110.1% -77.0% -10.5% 9.1% -25.7% -9.4% 2.5% -7.1%    
   year-over-year % change -67.8% 32.0% -75.4% -32.2% -20.7% -46.2% -28.3% -21.8% -24.7% -32.1% -75.4%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.636 0.651 0.412 1.196 1.156 0.900 1.188 1.059 0.991 1.219 0.412
   month-over-month % change 38.4% -60.2% -36.6% 34.5% -3.3% -22.2% -6.1% -10.8% -6.3%    
   year-over-year % change -36.1% -70.4% -66.2% -45.5% -51.6% -54.8% -36.1% -41.7% -44.6% -20.0% -66.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.587 0.448 0.330 0.605 0.548 0.455 0.590 0.589 0.553 0.769 0.330
   month-over-month % change -3.4% -23.7% -26.3% -6.4% -9.5% -16.9% -1.8% -0.1% -6.2%    
   year-over-year % change -17.8% -1.7% -57.1% -32.5% -21.4% -29.6% -30.1% -26.3% -28.3% -31.1% -57.1%
Libraries/Museums 0.144 0.108 0.160 0.140 0.127 0.137 0.311 0.302 0.256 0.721 0.160
   month-over-month % change 13.4% -25.2% 48.0% -18.2% -9.4% 8.5% -4.5% -2.7% -15.5%    
   year-over-year % change -54.8% -48.2% -77.8% -69.9% -65.3% -67.0% -7.4% -10.9% -32.9% 228.6% -77.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 1.060 0.744 0.819 0.774 0.811 0.874 0.656 0.676 0.666 0.933 0.819
   month-over-month % change 68.1% -29.8% 10.1% 2.3% 4.9% 7.7% 6.3% 3.0% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 78.9% 46.5% -12.2% -1.2% 31.3% 29.0% 10.3% 16.8% 8.7% 79.1% -12.2%
Military 1.108 0.403 1.198 1.020 0.836 0.903 0.748 0.763 0.809 0.641 1.198
   month-over-month % change 11.1% -63.6% 197.0% 24.0% -18.0% 8.0% 5.3% 1.9% 6.1%    
   year-over-year % change 68.4% 75.7% 86.9% 28.2% 33.7% 77.2% 71.3% 81.3% 79.4% 131.5% 86.9%
Schools/Colleges 4.296 3.101 3.623 4.148 3.854 3.673 5.763 5.577 5.482 4.765 3.623
   month-over-month % change 3.1% -27.8% 16.8% -9.9% -7.1% -4.7% -0.2% -3.2% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -3.3% -41.9% -24.0% -9.1% -20.2% -24.2% -8.4% -11.8% -12.5% -12.6% -24.0%
Misc Government 0.610 0.714 0.383 0.533 0.604 0.569 0.621 0.612 0.595 0.587 0.383
   month-over-month % change 25.5% 16.9% -46.3% 8.2% 13.2% -5.7% 2.2% -1.4% -2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 35.1% -13.0% -34.7% -23.0% -17.5% -8.2% -19.3% -21.4% -19.7% -43.4% -34.7%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.513 6.317 6.960 8.520 8.050 7.597 9.997 9.701 9.466 9.773 6.960
   month-over-month % change 14.4% -33.6% 10.2% 0.3% -5.5% -5.6% -0.4% -3.0% -2.4%    
   year-over-year % change -4.5% -36.0% -28.8% -19.2% -22.6% -23.0% -11.5% -13.5% -15.2% -5.6% -28.8%
Misc Non Residential 0.455 0.436 0.357 0.472 0.467 0.416 0.464 0.463 0.446 0.563 0.357
   month-over-month % change -10.7% -4.3% -18.0% -1.6% -1.1% -10.9% -7.2% -0.2% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -48.8% -2.4% -36.6% -44.4% -41.6% -34.3% -26.9% -27.6% -31.4% 30.1% -36.6%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 19.933 11.751 13.117 18.477 16.624 14.934 20.627 19.796 18.897 23.906 13.117
   month-over-month % change 9.6% -41.0% 11.6% -3.5% -10.0% -10.2% -3.4% -4.0% -4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -30.6% -45.9% -45.1% -31.3% -35.6% -39.8% -28.2% -30.7% -34.0% 3.6% -45.1%
Airports 0.662 0.165 0.116 0.606 0.425 0.315 0.528 0.505 0.502 0.156 0.116
   month-over-month % change 48.2% -75.0% -29.8% -2.8% -29.9% -26.0% 5.3% -4.3% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 91.5% -62.2% -25.4% -4.4% -27.0% 0.5% -13.3% -18.0% -14.5% -69.0% -25.4%
Roads/Highways 5.382 3.367 3.510 4.798 4.585 4.087 5.386 5.300 5.265 3.940 3.510
   month-over-month % change 7.6% -37.4% 4.2% 1.2% -4.4% -10.9% 2.3% -1.6% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 36.4% -23.3% -10.9% 4.1% 3.4% -0.1% 0.4% -2.6% -3.6% 6.5% -10.9%
Bridges 1.059 2.586 1.800 1.025 1.576 1.815 1.793 1.873 1.837 2.232 1.800
   month-over-month % change -2.3% 144.2% -30.4% -2.2% 53.7% 15.2% -3.8% 4.4% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -44.5% 58.6% -19.4% -56.0% -19.1% -5.6% -29.0% -25.5% -27.0% 0.6% -19.4%
Dams/Marine 0.770 0.409 0.281 0.775 0.778 0.487 0.684 0.685 0.629 0.958 0.281
   month-over-month % change -33.4% -46.9% -31.4% -1.3% 0.4% -37.5% -3.5% 0.1% -8.2%    
   year-over-year % change -27.7% 2.6% -70.7% -11.7% -6.2% -39.7% -4.9% -3.8% -17.3% 153.3% -70.7%
Water/Sewage 1.856 2.420 3.009 2.432 2.187 2.428 2.660 2.598 2.676 2.071 3.009
   month-over-month % change -18.9% 30.4% 24.4% -10.0% -10.1% 11.0% -2.0% -2.4% 3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -26.5% -23.7% 45.3% -4.5% -19.6% -6.2% 4.6% -1.4% 3.7% -24.2% 45.3%
Misc Civil 1.376 1.271 4.385 1.043 1.190 2.344 2.275 1.811 1.922 3.055 4.385
   month-over-month % change 49.3% -7.7% 245.0% -19.7% 14.1% 97.0% -2.5% -20.4% 6.1%    
   year-over-year % change -33.5% -81.4% 43.6% -73.6% -75.4% -41.2% -32.1% -52.9% -52.4% 311.5% 43.6%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 11.105 10.218 13.101 10.679 10.741 11.475 13.327 12.773 12.831 12.411 13.101
   month-over-month % change 1.9% -8.0% 28.2% -4.6% 0.6% 6.8% -0.5% -4.2% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -6.4% -39.4% 5.6% -28.5% -30.0% -16.3% -11.8% -19.0% -19.6% 20.8% 5.6%
GRAND TOTAL 57.070 46.876 49.890 56.711 54.234 51.279 58.588 57.259 56.507 58.924 49.890
   month-over-month % change -2.9% -17.9% 6.4% -2.3% -4.4% -5.4% -1.1% -2.3% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -12.5% -25.4% -15.3% -17.2% -19.0% -17.7% -14.3% -17.2% -18.6% 6.4% -15.3%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 31.038 21.969 26.218 29.156 27.364 26.408 33.954 32.569 31.728 36.316 26.218
   month-over-month % change 6.7% -29.2% 19.3% -3.9% -6.1% -3.5% -2.3% -4.1% -2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -23.5% -43.1% -27.8% -30.3% -33.5% -31.4% -22.5% -26.5% -28.8% 8.9% -27.8%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 7: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS,
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JANUARY 2020   JANUARY 2021   % Change
           
Connecticut $213,407,172   $94,868,204   -55.5%
Maine $65,780,843   $1,190,747,077   1710.2%
Massachusetts $911,615,410   $340,976,594   -62.6%
New Hampshire $54,738,812   $47,860,123   -12.6%
Rhode Island $104,944,567   $268,025,025   155.4%
Vermont $18,202,823   $23,180,417   27.3%
Total New England $1,368,689,627   $1,965,657,440   43.6%
New Jersey $650,814,680   $257,328,966   -60.5%
New York $1,478,050,584   $846,448,795   -42.7%
Pennsylvania $1,049,081,683   $486,638,430   -53.6%
Total Middle Atlantic $3,177,946,947   $1,590,416,191   -50.0%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $4,546,636,574   $3,556,073,631   -21.8%
Illinois $795,534,383   $594,570,452   -25.3%
Indiana $739,907,955   $720,243,957   -2.7%
Michigan $398,912,650   $480,384,299   20.4%
Ohio $924,745,383   $1,126,983,161   21.9%
Wisconsin $619,287,319   $404,377,210   -34.7%
Total East North Central $3,478,387,690   $3,326,559,079   -4.4%
Iowa $178,074,204   $89,464,047   -49.8%
Kansas $545,262,677   $174,028,148   -68.1%
Minnesota $342,808,567   $2,738,565,474   698.9%
Missouri $590,521,972   $401,709,882   -32.0%
Nebraska $195,089,251   $257,074,569   31.8%
North Dakota $98,086,176   $222,555,922   126.9%
South Dakota $105,592,516   $86,817,844   -17.8%
Total West North Central $2,055,435,363   $3,970,215,886   93.2%
TOTAL MIDWEST $5,533,823,053   $7,296,774,965   31.9%
Delaware $368,228,183   $9,109,478   -97.5%
District of Columbia $57,195,198   $20,233,914   -64.6%
Florida $2,278,190,629   $1,457,891,178   -36.0%
Georgia $1,257,191,355   $1,212,089,225   -3.6%
Maryland $1,371,360,480   $239,467,734   -82.5%
North Carolina $812,927,775   $754,392,445   -7.2%
South Carolina $486,812,227   $478,102,306   -1.8%
Virginia $1,836,204,984   $665,704,982   -63.7%
West Virginia $195,701,768   $39,668,704   -79.7%
Total South Atlantic $8,663,812,599   $4,876,659,966   -43.7%
Alabama $701,636,075   $255,994,168   -63.5%
Kentucky $215,825,457   $189,574,400   -12.2%
Mississippi $476,565,498   $96,568,058   -79.7%
Tennessee $1,466,046,359   $734,337,315   -49.9%
Total East South Central $2,860,073,389   $1,276,473,941   -55.4%
Arkansas $503,966,793   $171,441,251   -66.0%
Louisiana $569,100,605   $337,899,422   -40.6%
Oklahoma $371,840,187   $359,120,465   -3.4%
Texas $3,554,301,628   $3,561,680,022   0.2%
Total West South Central $4,999,209,213   $4,430,141,160   -11.4%
TOTAL SOUTH $16,523,095,201   $10,583,275,067   -35.9%
Arizona $490,384,325   $251,428,777   -48.7%
Colorado $579,276,758   $333,123,934   -42.5%
Idaho $109,125,846   $52,818,412   -51.6%
Montana $109,504,526   $32,386,944   -70.4%
Nevada $253,474,189   $138,764,832   -45.3%
New Mexico $198,762,401   $252,604,141   27.1%
Utah $1,096,998,468   $328,067,266   -70.1%
Wyoming $70,201,665   $54,549,858   -22.3%
Total Mountain $2,907,728,178   $1,443,744,164   -50.3%
Alaska $72,193,538   $38,622,923   -46.5%
California $5,547,549,774   $2,544,093,072   -54.1%
Hawaii $90,962,710   $88,813,575   -2.4%
Oregon $222,083,528   $373,516,710   68.2%
Washington $872,360,952   $293,072,813   -66.4%
Total Pacific $6,805,150,502   $3,338,119,093   -50.9%
TOTAL WEST $9,712,878,680   $4,781,863,257   -50.8%
TOTAL U.S. $36,316,433,508   $26,217,986,920   -27.8%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.


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